Effectiveness of Pesticides in Controlling Major Pest and Disease of Mangoes in West Nusa Tenggara Province - Indonesia

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Mango is a type of tropical fruit which popular among the consumers and have high commercial value. Moreover, this fruit also good for human health as contain lots of vitamins, mineral, and fiber. The largest production area of mangoes in Indonesia is East Java Province, followed by Central Java, West Java and West Nusa Tenggara. In West Nusa Tenggara Province, mangoes mostly cultivated in yards and in mixed gardens with conventional technological approaches. However, low quality of mangoes indicated due to lack of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP). Management study of pre-harvest mangoes in West Nusa Tenggara Province aims to observe effectiveness of some pesticides in controlling pests and diseases and its impact on fruit quality or losses before harvesting. Study focus on controlling major pest and disease of mangoes such as mango leafhopper and anthracnose. The experiment was conducted in the Village of Selengen, Sub District of Kayangan, North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia during flowering season 2010. Research compiled in five treatments and each test was repeated on five trees. Those five treatments were: T1 = Actara 2 gram/5 liter water/tree; T2 = Cypermetrin 5 ml/5 liter water/tree; T3 = Amistar Top 5 ml/5 liter water/tree; T4 = Combination of T1+T2+T3; and T5 = no treatment (control). The result showed that controlling major pest and disease of mangoes by combination of some alternative pesticides could effectively controlling pests and diseases of mango such as mango leafhopper, red banded mango caterpillar, and anthracnose. By combination of all treatments (T4), production of mangoes increase into 161.20 kg/tree compared to control which only 122.40 kg/tree.

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