Farmers’ Knowledge and Perception toward Off-Season Garlic Cultivation in Sembalun Highland of Lombok Island– Indonesia

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Indonesian people needs 500,000 tons of garlic annually while domestic production only reaches 20,000 tons therefore the imported dependency is still very high reaching 480,000 tons (96%). One of the efforts of the Indonesian government to reduce import dependence is to increase domestic production by conducting off-season cultivation during the rainy season. Since 2017, the Ministry of Agriculture has implemented a large-scale garlic planting program during off-season.This study aims to investigate farmers’ knowledge and perception on the off-season garlic cultivation. The study was conducted in April - July 2018 in Sembalun highland of Lombok Island, Indonesia. Data were collected through interviews with structured questioning guidelines (questioners). A total of 30 farmers were taken by census. The results indicate that farmers’ knowledge on the components of off-season garlic cultivation technology ranges from 10-100%, where the lowest value (10%) is obtained from farmers' knowledge on separation of small and large garlic cloves before planting, whereas the highest value (100%) is obtained from farmers' knowledge on application of organic fertilizer, plastic mulching, pest control and harvesting at the right time.Regardingfarmers’ perception,53.3% were satisfied with off-season cultivation because they received government production facilities but did not want to continue due to the extreme rainy season resulted in the decrease of production, while 46.7% weresatisfied and would continue to cultivate garlic during off-season since off-season technological innovations could provide benefits.

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