Farmers’ Knowledge and Perception toward Off-Season Garlic Cultivation in Sembalun Highland of Lombok Island– Indonesia

Pin It

Indonesian people needs 500,000 tons of garlic annually while domestic production only reaches 20,000 tons therefore the imported dependency is still very high reaching 480,000 tons (96%). One of the efforts of the Indonesian government to reduce import dependence is to increase domestic production by conducting off-season cultivation during the rainy season. Since 2017, the Ministry of Agriculture has implemented a large-scale garlic planting program during off-season.This study aims to investigate farmers’ knowledge and perception on the off-season garlic cultivation. The study was conducted in April - July 2018 in Sembalun highland of Lombok Island, Indonesia. Data were collected through interviews with structured questioning guidelines (questioners). A total of 30 farmers were taken by census. The results indicate that farmers’ knowledge on the components of off-season garlic cultivation technology ranges from 10-100%, where the lowest value (10%) is obtained from farmers' knowledge on separation of small and large garlic cloves before planting, whereas the highest value (100%) is obtained from farmers' knowledge on application of organic fertilizer, plastic mulching, pest control and harvesting at the right time.Regardingfarmers’ perception,53.3% were satisfied with off-season cultivation because they received government production facilities but did not want to continue due to the extreme rainy season resulted in the decrease of production, while 46.7% weresatisfied and would continue to cultivate garlic during off-season since off-season technological innovations could provide benefits.


+ Selengkapnya...

Web Analytics