Workshop of Implementation of Agriculture Rural Development Through Innovation (m - P3MI ) Model Based on Agribusiness in NTB

Workshop of implementation of rural agricultural development through innovation (m-P3MI) model based on agribusiness was held on Monday (09/09/2013) in collaboration with farmer group "Tunjang Manis" Gunung Malang village, Pringgabaya, East Lombok district. The workshop was attended by 80 participants consisting of Department of Agriculture and Horticulture NTB, Bakorluh NTB, Food Security Agency NTB, Department of Agriculture and Livestock East Lombok, Counseling Agency of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (BP4K) East Lombok, and Counseling Agency of Agriculture, Livestock and Forestry (BP3K) Pringgabaya, PT. Pertani representatives of NTB , UD. Creative Muda, officials of Gunung Malang village, head of farmer group in Gunung Malang village, and Tujang Manis farmer group members. The event was opened by the Head of BPTP NTB, Dr. Ir. Dwi Praptomo S., MS. In his speech he stated that m-P3MI in 2011 was held in Setanggor village, West Praya - Central Lombok, with agroecosystem of irrigated land. In 2013 implemented scaling up on dry land arid climate in Gunung Malang village with maize as a main commodities.

Implementation of m-P3MI in the field as pilot unit development scale with agribussiness – minded, holistic and comprehensive, covering the production technology improvements aspect, development and strengthening of the farm institutional aspects, and empowerment of farm institutional aspects that is expected to increase the value added of the economy to improve the revenue of farmer households.

Gunung Malang village has a dry climate and dry land with eratik rain, also has the big potential area for agribusiness development through cultivation of corn and other crops. The extensive of dry land owned by the community (dryland, not the forest community management / HKM ) used by farmers about 345 ha, while the HKM which potential for corn and upland rice about 360 ha. In addition, at this village also has built 20 units of pump well P2AT watered (Groundwater Irrigation Project ) with condition of 7 units are good, for food crops and vegetable farming in the dry season to irrigate 153,85 ha of area.

The purpose of these activities are : 1). develop self-reliance of institutional farmers in agribusiness by strengthening communication and cooperation networks, 2). design partnership model in the development of innovation dissemination and rural agribusiness, and 3). develop rural agribusiness model based technology innovation in West Nusa Tenggara. The types of activities that have been done include : a). maize cultivation technology improvements through mentoring of technologies such as the introduction of composite maize varieties (Srikandi kuning, Lamuru and Sukmaraga) that drought resistant, improved spacing of corn with legowo system, fertilization method and the dose of fertilizer use, b). Empowerment of farmers for application of corn post-harvest technology as an effort to increase the added value, c). introduction of relay technology to improve cropping index and added value, d). empowerment of farmers/farmer institutional for production of potential seed of composite corn, e). institutional empowerment of farmers in agribusiness, and f). superior native chicken breeding of IAARD (KUB chicken) to support corn agribusiness in dry land. At the second dry season (MK. II) in 2013 has also been conducted demonstration plots of composite maize seed of Srikandi Kuning and Lamuru varieties about 4.5 ha and the development of both varieties with 11 ha of area. In the demplot and scaling up activities, the irrigation resources utilizing wells pump P2AT. Results of the pilot project activities expected to be developed extensively by farmers in the wet season 2013/2014. The seed production has also been purchased by a business partner PT. Pertani and UNRAM for further development. In addition, the partnership forms of PT. Pertani is GP3K program with 50 ha of area in the wet season in 2012/2013. At the group has also carried out breeding 170 of KUB chicken and 55 of Arabic chicken to support agribusiness activities. In the future, the group is expected not only developing the KUB chicken and arabic chicken breeding, but also coupled with DOC and broiler at the business scale. The event followed by a discussion. The head of Gunung Malang village said that the potential resources of the village is no doubt, such as food crops, horticulture and plantation. The farming technology from BPTP NTB has been implemented and begin show the result, and need further guidance by stakeholders. While the chairman of the farmers' group "Tunjang Manis" also said : “the more intensive problems faced by farmers is generally they are as sharecroppers so that the access of program less on target”.

To overcome this problem, several sources suggest that the farmers and farmer groups should be more proactive in communicating with stakeholders so that their existence better known and distribution of programs that exist in the areas more obvious because the distribution program by stakeholders was not by individuals but by groups. Farmer groups are expected to make a proposal and can be submitted to the local government. BPTP NTB ready to facilitate in assistance and escort of technology if there is a program from the stakeholders, as well as UD. The Young Creative is also ready to accommodate the crop result of farmers.

(Source : John G. Bulu, Sudarto, Ika Novitasari and Adnan; Translated by Fitrahtunnisa).

 

Cultivation and Processing Training in KWT "Lapa Na'e" Dompu

As much as 25 members of KWT "Lapa N'ae" and 15 farmers present at training held by BPTP NTB in Kramabura village, Dompu . This training is one of the supporting activities on the Village Nursery (KBD) of M-KRPL which was aimed to increase the capacity members of farmer group to manage the village potential to meet the family food needs independently. This activity lasted for 2 days ( 30-31/8/2013 ) on the first day filled with agro-processing and the second day with crop cultivation.

 

While the processing activities practiced the way of making candied of tomatoes, carang mas, ceker ayam ubi and taro chips. The selection of processing is adjusted to the potential commodity. Participants were enthusiastic and excited to be involved directly in these activities. Interviewees only provide guidance and examples and then implemented by the participants. As well as processing, on the cultivation practices the farmers also directed to utilize the tools and materials around their neighborhood. Composting, seedbed, planting medium preparation, making bio-pesticide, and breeding runs smoothly.

The participant and the PPL expect this activity take place continuously in order to increase their creativity and capacity. At the closing session, the PPL stated : "they have come from Mataram to guide us, so lets we appreciate the sciences that have been submitted for 2 days by applying it directly in our place". The participants was greeted with enthusiasm. From this activity the farmers expected increasingly aware that there are many materials and tools around them that can be used as production matters from organic matter before taking chemicals matters on the market. (Source : Fitria Zulhaedar; Translated by Fitrahtunnisa)

 

 

Organic Fertilizer Production In ” Perempuan Tangguh” Group Village Disaster Preparedness Team of Sembalun Lawang

Involvement of women in the Village Disaster Preparedness team poured in a training and development of composting by utilizing available waste . This program is expected to reducing the frequent floods ( 2006 and 2012) by notice the cleanliness of the environment. On Wednesday ( 08.28.2013 ) conducted training and coaching opened by head of Sembalun Lawang village.

 

The activities got a very good response from the head of Sembalun Lawang village. He was conveyed the great expectations towards the event by linking the needs of organic fertilizer (compost) for potatoes program that have been running about 300 tons. These activities expected support providing the fertilizer needs. There were 22 TSBD members who participated in the event. As a resource is Sudjudi, BSc., SP and as a practice is Titin Sugianti, SP. The material presented were :

  1. Understanding of compost
  2. Requirements of compost
  3. The materials and tools needed to make compost
  4. Process / stage of making compost
  5. How to packaging compost
  6. Utilization of compost

After the material presentation, the event continued to practice of composting with participants. Composting process is carried out according to the procedure : prepare the cow dung as a main ingredient and cow dung added garlic pulp. After the main ingredient prepared, the proccess followed by the addition of decomposer. Decomposer not sown separately, but mixed first with chainsaws, rice husk ash, and lime, so that the decomposer mixtured evenly over the main material. Recommended dose to making compost is 1 ton of manure mixed with : 50 kg of sawdust, 100 kg of rice husk ash, 20 kg of lime and 2,5 kg of the solid decomposers. After a week the compost reversal and moved to the second location and left again for a week. Similarly, after a week compost moved again to the 3rd location, and so on up to 4th location and brooded for a week. In the fourth week, the composting is finished and to get a uniform shape it can be sieved to separate it from the gravel, pieces of wood or others.

The  participants are very enthusiastic and active in the discussion about the composting technique with many varieties of decomposer on the market. They were also very enthusiastic on the practice session where all attendees participate in the composting process. Great expectations conveyed by the chairman of the Group of ”Perempuan Tangguh” (Sakinah) so that the BPTP NTB participation not only in training but it can continued to other TSBD activities. (Source : Sudjudi and Titin Sugianti; Translated by Fitrahtunnisa)

 

   

KBD Field School On M-KRPL Location

As much as 25 members of KWT "Karya Wanita” Dasan Belo - Jembatan Kembar village, Lembar, West Lombok district implement Field School (SL) of caring plant in the village nursery (KBD) and members yard wich accompanied by the local PPL (Sahmin, A . Md.). This activity is a series of activities to succeed the M-KRPL of BPTP NTB program. The purpose of this activity was the farmer cooperators understand and apply the technology of yard utilization.

The SL activity was carried out for 2 days, (29-30/7/2013). In the first day of course, the material presented include: breeding, growing media preparation, and plant care. At the time also explained about container type of growing media, which is not only uses potray, but also can use former glass or bottle of mineral water, packs of detergent or others. In addition to more efficient, the uses of this material also able to increase the creativity of members and reduce household waste. Farmer cooperators were also taught about the types of seeds that must be sown first such as : peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, celery, pakchoy, kaylan, and seeds which can be planted directly such as : bitter melon, spinach, water spinach, etc..

Planting medium used was mixture of compost and soil, which aims to the growth of root seedlings can be optimal because the structure of media is crumb, and it is supports the growth of seedling roots, as expressed by the interviewees. Furthermore explained that in the plant care, which important were routine watering and provide compost according to the crop needs.

Material presented at the second day include: composting, making bio pesticide, and seed crops. The sources explained about minimizing the use of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers, because the result of yard used directly for food and nutrition needs of farmers, so the use of organic materials were preferred. Furthermore, the potential of animal manure (cow and chicken) in these locations are quite abundant which can be processed as compost, so can reduce the production cost and the volume of manure waste.

Enthusiasm of members at this event can be seen from their spirit to know more about the material presented, which was shown in the questions about the material presented. According to the chairman of the KWT (S. Hartini), M-KRPL recently applied about 2 months, but the members have felt the benefits. In addition to existing plants harvested (mustard and water spinach), the yards also more beautiful. They hope that this program can be developed in their environment. (Source: Eni Fidiyawati; Translated by Fitrahtunnisa)

 

VUB Rice Harvest In UPBS BPTP NTB

The role of seeds in improving productivity of crops very significant. According to the  result of Wolrd Bank research, the use of high yield varieties and the certified seeds can improve 16% of productivity. In accordance with the roles of UPBS of Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (Badan Litbang Pertanian), UPBS BPTP NTB in provide the logistic of resource seeds always begins with adaptation test of VUB to produce the adaptive variety in West Nusa Tenggara area. One of the adaptation test activities is production of  rice seed resource in 2013 at Plulan village, Kuripan – West Lombok district with 1,3 ha of area.The varieties introduced were Inpari 7, 10, 11, 13, 18 19, and 21. The activity guided by the UPBS team and presented by some of farmers group representation from sub districts of Kuripan and Lingsar as much as 12 people. Before harvest, the farmer asked to assess the varieties that will be tested with some parameters such as : number of tillers, variety ages, panicle length, number of seeds per tiller and model of the flag leaf. The assess result of farmers to the plant variability, the varieties which preferred based on rank were Inpari 19, 21, 13, 10, 7, 18, and 11.

The reason of farmers nominated Inpari 19 and 13 as the first choices because they have the superiority such as early maturity and have long flag leaf, so it can avoid bird attacks that be the main pest for rice, whereas Inpari 21 prefered because the tillers have the pithy grains from base to the top, whereas the farmers placed Inpari 18 and 11 at the lowest position because Inpari 18 have characteristics stem scattered, and Inpari 11 have the long enough age. VUB productivity tested Inpari 21 (8,7 ton/ha), Inpari 11 (8,3 ton/ha), Inpari 13 (7,8 ton/ha), Inpari 10 (7,4 ton/ha), Inpari 19 (7,2 ton/ha), Inpari 7 (6,8 ton/ha), and Inpari 18 (6,4 ton/ha). At the end, the farmers hopefully to BPTP NTB to provide Inpari 19 variety for planting season 2013/2014. (Source : Sabar Untung; Translated by Fitrahtunnisa)

   

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